Henri Matisse. Still Life with a Head. 1916. Oil on canvas. Barnes Foundation, Lincoln University, Merion, PA, USA.
Henri Matisse (December 31, 1869 – November 3, 1954) was a French artist, known for his use of color. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter. Matisse is commonly regarded, along with Picasso and Marcel Duchamp, as one of the three artists who helped to define the revolutionary developments in the plastic arts in the opening decades of the 20th century, responsible for significant developments in painting and sculpture.